It is important to modify your diet and be involved in physical activities to lose excess weight and maintain weight loss over the long term.
Diet and exercises
Regular physical activity combined with healthy eating habits is the most efficient and healthful way to control your weight. Physical activity helps to control your weight by using excess calories that otherwise would be stored as fat.
Most available weight-loss medications are "appetite-suppressant" medications. Appetite-suppressant medications promote weight loss by decreasing appetite or increasing the feeling of being full. These medications decrease appetite by increasing serotonin or catecholamine – two brain chemicals that affect mood and appetite.Prescription weight-loss medications should be used only when there is increased medical risk because of your weight and not for cosmetic reasons.
Gastric Ballon (weight loss without surgery)
The Intragastric Ballon is a nonsurgical procedure indicated for patients who are either overweight and has failed dieting attempts or cannot do dieting due to their current life style. Also severely or morbidly obese ( do not want surgery or in preparation for surgery ) and have lost weight consistently with other programs.
Intragastric Ballon is an effective procedure.
Bariatric surgery is the surgical option for obesity where conservative treatment is not successful. It is recommended for individuals whose body mass index (BMI) is greater than 40. Bariatric surgery is of two types – malabsorptive and restrictive surgery. Malabsorptive surgery decreases the absorption of food while restrictive surgery decreases the size of the stomach.
Various techniques of bariatric surgeries include gastric bypass, laparoscopic gastric banding, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, and laparoscopic roux-en y gastric bypass.
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy –The stomach is cut vertically into small pouch and the other portion of the stomach is removed. The removed portion of stomach contains the hungry stimulating hormones. The lower part of the stomach is not altered. The capacity of food intake is reduced and you will not feel hungry quiet often than before.
Laparoscopic Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass –It is similar to Roux-en Y gastric bypass but performed using laparoscope, a minimally invasive surgery. A small stomach pouch is created which is attached to the small intestine. The remaining stomach is sealed. The pouch limits the quantity of food.
Gastric Band (Reversible Surgery) –A gastric band is placed on a portion of the stomach and reduces the amount of food that you are able to eat . It acts like a belt around the top portion of your stomach, creating a small pouch. This means that you feel full after eating only a small quantity of food.