|Dr. Enrica Falbo|
Specialty: Nephrologist Consultant
Long internal medicine experience: Treatment of Diabetes, Autoimmune Diseases, Nephropathy and Hypertension, Urine infections, Kidney Stone Prevention, Diagnosis Treatment of Chronic Kidney Failure in its various stages, Hemodialysis, Kidney Transplantation, Peritoneal Dialysis.
The number of people living with, and dying of, diabetes across the world is shocking: 90 million; there are over 1 million people living with diabetes in the UAE.
With diabetes, the small blood vessels in the body become injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, your kidneys cannot clean your blood properly. The earliest sign of diabetic kidney disease is an increased excretion of albumin in the urine. This is present long before the usual tests done in your doctor’s office show evidence of kidney disease, so it is important for you to have this test on a yearly basis. Weight gain and ankle swelling may occur. You will use the bathroom more at night. Your blood pressure may get too high. As a person with diabetes, you should have your blood, urine and blood pressure checked at least once a year. This will lead to better control of your disease and early treatment of high blood pressure and kidney disease. Maintaining control of your diabetes can lower your risk of developing severe kidney disease.
Keep an eye on:
If you have any of the above mentioned warnings signs, call us and book appointment with our nephrologist!
About Autoimmune Diseases
Autoimmune diseases arise when the immune system attacks one or more of the body’s normal constituents as if they were invaders. When the immune system fails to recognize “itself”, it may produce immune cells or antibodies (called autoantibodies) that target its own cells, tissues, and/or organs. Those attacks cause inflammation and tissue damage that lead to autoimmune disorders.
There are 80-100 diseases that occur as a result of autoimmune responses and researchers suspect at least 40 additional diseases have an autoimmune basis. Most autoimmune disorders are rare. However, the overall number of cases of autoimmune diseases is rising for unknown reasons. Women are disproportionately affected, representing 80% of people with autoimmune diseases. Some diseases such as lupus and Hashimoto thyroiditis affect 9-10 women for every man affected.
Autoimmune disorders can be difficult to recognize and diagnose. Autoimmune disorders affecting multiple organs can lead to highly variable signs and symptoms that can change in severity over time. Autoimmune disorders often affect kidneys and cause renal failure, progressing to end stage renal disease with consequent need for dialysis treatment.
Some of the more common symptoms of autoimmune disorders include fatigue, general feeling of being unwell (malaise), dizziness, joint pain, rash, and low grade fever, swelling of the face and legs.
If you have any of the above mentioned warnings signs call and schedule an appointment with our nephrologist!