Male gynecomastia is an abnormal condition characterized by breast enlargement in males. Occasionally they may also secrete milk. This condition may also be seen in neonates, adolescents, and elderly individuals, as a part of physiological changes.
Male gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts. Generally, gynecomastia does not produce any harmful effect on the body but it may induce undue stress and embarrassment that can impact the active sex life of the affected individual. Male gynecomastia can also cause psychological damage or loss of self-esteem in adolescents.
Gynecomastia surgery candidates include:
The non-surgical methods employed for management of gynecomastia include:
In patients not responding to non-surgical options, surgery is considered as the last option. The surgical methods for management of gynecomastia include:
The basic steps involved in surgery are as follows:
Normally the surgery takes about 90 minutes. After surgery patients are often advised to wear an elastic pressure garment or ace bandage that promotes healing. Patients are also advised on rehabilitation exercises for at least 3 weeks and can return to normal activities in 6 weeks.
Initial male breast reduction recovery time takes about 1-2 weeks on average. During this time, patients will want to take it easy, and must avoid strenuous activity to facilitate healing and prevent complications.