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Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and diseases involving the central and peripheral nervous systems.

A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, clinical trials, and basic or translational research.

A neurologist will treat disorders such as: Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, brain tumors, stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, headaches, sleep disorders, brain and spinal cord injuries, tremors, epilepsy, pain, peripheral nervous disorders, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

What is a neurological exam?

A neurological exam is an evaluation of a person’s nervous system that can be done in the healthcare provider’s office. It may be done with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers. It usually does not cause any pain to the patient.


When and why should I consult a neurologist?

  • Headaches
  • Chronic pain
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Weakness
  • Movement problems
  • Seizures
  • Vision problems
  • Memory problems or confusion
  • Sleep problems

Epilepsy explained by Dr. Giovanni Cocco – Consultant Neurologist

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. The condition occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand the median nerve is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist.



Seizures are changes in the brain’s electrical activity. This change can cause dramatic, noticeable symptoms or it may not cause any symptoms. The symptoms of a severe seizure include violent shaking and a loss of control. However, mild seizures can also be a sign of a significant medical problem, so recognizing them is important. Because some seizures can lead to injury or be evidence of an underlying medical condition, it’s important to seek treatment if you experience them.

What are the symptoms of a seizure?

You can experience both partial and generalized seizures at the same time, or one can precede the other. The symptoms can last anywhere from a few seconds to 15 minutes per episode.

Sometimes, symptoms occur before the seizure takes place. These include:

  • A sudden feeling of fear or anxiousness
  • A feeling of being sick to your stomach
  • Dizziness
  • A change in vision
  • A jerky movement of the arms and legs that may cause you to drop things
  • An out of body sensation
  • A headache

Symptoms that indicate a seizure is in progress include:

  • Losing consciousness, which is followed by confusion
  • Having uncontrollable muscle spasms
  • Drooling or frothing at the mouth
  • Falling
  • Having a strange taste in your mouth
  • Clenching your teeth
  • Biting your tongue
  • Having sudden, rapid eye movements
  • Making unusual noises, such as grunting
  • Losing control of bladder or bowel function
  • Having sudden mood changes


Your brain is your body’s control center. It’s part of the nervous system, which also includes the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons. Together, the nervous system controls everything from your senses to the muscles throughout your body.

When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain. This includes conditions that are caused by:

  • Illness
  • Genetics
  • Traumatic injury

This is a broad category of disorders, which vary greatly in symptoms and severity. Keep reading to learn about some of the largest categories of brain disorders.


Sometimes, tumors form in the brain and can be very dangerous. These are called primary brain tumors. In other cases, cancer somewhere else in your body spreads to your brain. These are called secondary or metastatic brain tumors.
Brain tumors can be either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). Doctors classify brain tumors as grades 1, 2, 3, or 4. Higher numbers indicate more aggressive tumors.

The cause of brain tumors is largely unknown. They can occur in people of any age. Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the size and location of the tumor.

The most common symptoms of brain tumors are:

  • Headaches
  • Seizures
  • Numbness or tingling in your arms or legs
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Changes in personality
  • Difficulty with movement or balance
  • Changes in your hearing, speech, or vision
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