COLON CANCER



Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the colon or rectum. It is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world and the 2nd cause of cancer related deaths each year. Despite its prevalence, colon cancer can be prevented and treated if detected early.

It usually starts as a small, noncancerous growth called a polyp. Over time, some polyps can develop into cancer. Colon cancer can spread to other parts of the body if not treated.

colon cancer

  • Symptoms
  • Screening
  • Risk Factors
  • Prevention
  • Treatment
Symptoms

Colorectal cancer might not cause symptoms right away, but if it does, it may cause one or more of these symptoms:

  • A change in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or narrowing of the stool, that lasts for more than a few days
  • A feeling that you need to have a bowel movement that’s not relieved by having one
  • Rectal bleeding with bright red blood
  • Blood in the stool, which might make the stool look dark brown or black
  • Cramping or abdominal (belly) pain
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

However, many people with colon cancer may not experience any symptoms in the early stages, which is why screening for colon cancer is so important.

Screening

Several test options are available for colorectal cancer screening:

  • Stool-based tests
    •     Highly sensitive fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year
    •     Highly sensitive guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) every year
  • Visual (structural) exams of the colon and rectum
    •     Colonoscopy every 10 years
    •     CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years
    •     Flexible sigmoidoscopy (FSIG) every 5 years

These tests can detect precancerous polyps or early-stage colon cancer, which can be treated before they become more advanced.

Risk Factors

People at increased or high risk of colorectal cancer might need to start colorectal cancer screening before age 45, be screened more often, and/or get specific tests. This includes people with:

  •     A strong family history of colorectal cancer or certain types of polyps
  •     A personal history of colorectal cancer or certain types of polyps
  •     A personal history of inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease)
  •     A known family history of a hereditary colorectal cancer syndrome such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) or Lynch syndrome (also known as hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer or HNPCC)
  •     A personal history of radiation to the abdomen (belly) or pelvic area to treat a prior cancer

Lifestyle factors, such as physical inactivity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption, can also increase the risk of colon cancer.

Prevention

Preventing colon cancer involves making healthy lifestyle choices, such as maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and getting regular exercise. It is also important to avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.

Treatment

If you are diagnosed with colon cancer, treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these treatments. The type of treatment recommended will depend on the stage and location of the cancer, as well as your overall health.



Colon cancer is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that can be prevented and treated if detected early. It is important to be aware of the symptoms and risk factors for colon cancer and to undergo regular screening if you are at risk. Making healthy lifestyle choices can also help reduce your risk of developing colon cancer. If you have any concerns about colon cancer or any other health issue, be sure to consult with your healthcare provider.


BOOK AN APPOINTMENT


VIEW PROFILE
VIEW PROFILE

DR. MASSIMO CRISTALDI

Dr Iyad Issa Gastroenterologist
VIEW PROFILE

DR. IYAD A ISSA

Dr. Wajdi Hamdan - Consultant General Surgeon
VIEW PROFILE

DR. WAJDI HAMDAN



fab adcb instalment plan



REVIEW US ON DOCTIFY


Opening Hours


Monday – Saturday
7:00 am – 10:00 pm

Sunday
Family Hub(GP)
Physiotherapy
Dental Clinic



Harley Street Abu Dhabi JCI




Subscribe


Sign up with your mobile number to be the first to know about our latest offers & discounts.




    Copyright © Harley Street Medical Centre 2023 | MOH : EXYMXHJS-120723 15/07/2024

    CALL
    026133999
    ONLINE
    APPOINTMENT
    BOOK AN APPOINTMENT
    ONLINE
    Appointment
    Scan the code