NASAL POLYPS

Nasal Polyps

Nasal polyps are painless and benign (noncancerous) growths that develop in the lining of the nasal passages or sinuses. They are soft, can vary in size and usually result from chronic inflammation and/or irritation.

Nasal polyps can get irritated and swollen, partially blocking the nasal passages and sinuses.


Nasal Polyps Treatment


  • Causes and risk factors:
  • Symptoms of nasal polyps:
  • Diagnosis and tests:
  • Treatment (medication & surgery):
Causes and risk factors:

Nasal polyps can affect anyone, but they are more common in adults. The exact cause of nasal polyps is not always clear, but they are often associated with:

  • Chronic inflammation
  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • Age
  • Family history
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • Immune disorders
Symptoms of nasal polyps:

Nasal polyps may not always cause noticeable symptoms, but when present, they can include:

  • Sneezing and itchiness (allergy like symptoms)
  • Persistent nasal congestion
  • Runny nose: continuous & unaffected by common medications
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste
  • Facial pain/headaches
  • Snoring
  • Itching around the eyes
  • Postnasal drip: excess mucus secretion to the back of the nose running down the throat.
Diagnosis and tests:
  • Medical history and physical examination: Your doctor will inquire about symptoms, medical history, and potential risk factors.
  • Nasal endoscopy: Endoscope is used to visualize the nasal passages and sinuses.
  • Imaging tests: X-ray for a general overview and CT scan that provide more detailed images of the sinuses, aiding to the diagnostic examination.
  • Allergy testing: Identifying and managing underlying allergies contributing to nasal inflammation.
  • Nasal swab: Collecting nasal secretions to check for signs of infection.

Additional considerations:

  • Rule out underlying conditions: Assessing for conditions like asthma or cystic fibrosis that may contribute to nasal polyp development.
  • Biopsy (rare): In certain cases, a small tissue sample (biopsy) may be taken for examination to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment (medication & surgery):

Medications:

  • Corticosteroids
  • Antihistamines
  • Antibiotics
  • Aspirin desensitization
  • Allergy management

Surgery:

  • Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS): Removal of polyps and underlying diseased sinus tissue using endoscopes with different angulation.
  • Polypectomy: Surgical removal of polyps using specialized instruments.



Dr Bernard Hoffmann
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DR. BERNARD HOFFMANN

Dr. Kurt Schlemmer - Consultant ENT
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DR. KURT SCHLEMMER

Dr. Issam Al Moussalla
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DR. ISSAM AL MOUSSALLA

Nidhin Thettummal
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NIDHIN THETTUMMAL

Chinnu Anna Koruth Audiologist
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CHINNU ANNA KORUTH


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